Fars Province is divided into three regions:
Mountainous north and northwest region with cold winters and suitable herbal coverage; Central parts including Shiraz, Fasa, Firouzabad and Kazeroun which enjoy mild weather in winter and warm and dry weather in summer; And the south and southeastern regions where the mountains dwindle to hills. Rainfall in this region is less in winter than in spring and fall.The weather here is cold in winter and very warm in summer. Fars Province falls at the Zagros Mountain Range. The central western plains are used for Farming but the southern and eastern plains are barren deserts. Most number of the lakes in Iran are located in Fars Province.
Both in ancient era before the Arab invasion and in the lslamic era, Fars (aka Persia) has been one of The most important centres for civilization in which you can visit remains of all the history of Iran. ln Achaemenid bas reliefs Fars is spelled as Pârsa. The Greeks called it Persis and then it was changed to Fars by Arabs. Three thousands years ago a group of Indo lranians, known as Aryans, migrated to the Iranian plateau from the north and after several fightings overcame the native people and settled down. Pasargad was the first capital of the Aryans which was later shifted to Hamadan. The Medians who had built a big empire west of Iran were defeated by Cyrus the Great. The Persians preserved their independence even during, the Parthian period. Ardashir was the first who founded the Sassanid Dynasty in the year 223 AD and made Ctesiphon his capital , but he rehabilitated Firouzabad in Fars. During the Sassanian Period Kazeroun and Bishabur were important centres in Fars. Many historical monuments have survived in Fars including the ruins of Pasargad, Bishabur, Persepolis, Shahr-e Goor and Ardashir’s Palace. After the invasion of Arabs Shiraz became the capital city of Fars Province and was ruled by Al-e Buye and Zand dynasties.