Sheikh Lutfullah Mosque
Situated in the east wing of the Naqsh-i-Jahan Square, the mosque is among the fabulous masterpieces of the 17th century architecture and tileworks.
The monument was originally built on the debris of an old mosque at the order of the Safavid Shah Abbas I in 1617 A.D and was named after the prayer leader, Sheikh Lutfullah Missi Ameli.
Unique mosaic toleworks in the interior and exterior of its dome have given an outstanding status to the monument among other Islamic art and architecture works.
The mosque suffered damages in the Qajar era. Most of its portal and dome tiles as well as the golden perimeter of the dome were destroyed. The portal and dome were restored during the years 1928-1936 A.D. The restoration of the wonderful rectangular pool in front of the mosque is also among further reconstruction measures carried out in 1937-1939 A.D. The floor of its dome, once covered with plaster, is now stone-covered and iron windows have replaced the wooden ones to give more light to its underground.
Symmetrical sizes, powerful design and impeccable construction of the composing parts of the mosque are amazingly inimitable.
The mosque is among few Iranian mosque which lack minaret, which is itself an indication of its uniqueness.
According to the inscription on its mihrab, Mohammad Reza Ostad Hussein Bannaye Isfahani was the architect of such a unique mosque in which inscriptions bye Ali Reza Abbasi and Bagher Banna of Sheikh Bahaee’s and Sheikh Lotfollah’s poems are obvious art works. Its dome is among the most splendid ones in Iran whose interior and exterior are decorated with precious mosaic tiles. The interior of the dome is characterized by a marvelous inscription pattern designed by Ali Reza Abbasi, a martyred calligrapher of the Safavid period. The interior ornamentation fully characterized by fine mosaic tiles makes an enchanting sight.