Sa’d Abad Complex

Sa’d Abad Complex

Today, there are many museums and temporary exhibition held in Sa’d Abad Palaces Complex open to the public. Its most important museums are:

Nations Museum: This collection consists of various works of art purchased from other countries and represents the civilizations of pre-Islam Iranian, African, Indian, Far East, Eskimos, Mayas and contemporary arts of Iranian as well as non-Iranian artists.

Green Palace: It is the first palace built in the complex during Pahlavi dynasty by Reza Shah`s order. The building is called green palace because of the color of its faced. The palace is a very nice museum of Persian arts like mirror marquetry, carpets, and illumination and plaster work. It was served as Mohammad Reza`s private palace where Some private meetings were held before the Islamic Revolution.

Fine Arts Museum: The major part of the paintings in this collection are the oil paintings of Safavid, Afshar, Zand and Qajar periods collected by Mohammad Reza Pahlavi`s last wife, Farah, from an English collectioner called Harold Emmer. The paintings have been arranged on 3 floors: 1) First floor, teahouse painting by contemporary Iranian artists; 2) second floor, various historical periods paintings mentioned above; and 3) Third floor, European works presented to Farah or bought by her.

Behzad Museum: This museum is devoted to the miniatures painted by Hoseyn Behzad (1895-1968) who made a revolution in Iranian painting. Studying European art and being inspired by Kamal-od-din Behzad and Reza Abbasi, he introduced a new style of miniature on paper, hard paper or fiberboard, This style is purely Iranian, but it has kept on with its contemporary paces and changes of art in universal art schools.

Abkar Museum: The miniatures in this museum are works of a 20th century artist called Klara Abkar who had her particular style in painting. Her source of inspiration was the rich Iranian literature and mysticism. Her works take the visitors to a world of spirituality and a poem-like or light-music-like harmony that give everyone’s eyes peace and tranquility.

Mir Emad Museum: The main subject of this museum is the most prominent post_Islam Iranian art namely calligraphy. On paper and parchment, there are plenty of various calligraphic styles of writing belonging to 10th to 19th centuries. Mir Emad, himself, the most well-known 18th century`s calligrapher, has been introduced by his works. in some cases, some calligraphy-related arts like illumination, painting, etc are exhibited.

Museum of Anthropology: The life-style and customs of Iranians through the history are displayed from cultural perspective. In a vast area and of two floors, various objects are exhibited like tools for irrigation, agriculture, husbandry, fishing and hunting as well as agricultural documents, clothes, lighting tools and handicrafts.

Water Museum: This museum in an exhibition of ancient and traditional techniques and instruments for water supplement and distribution. Various water-related vernacular structures are introduced like water reservoirs and traditional icehouses. Some ancient water dams and royal orders concerning them are presented as well.

Military Museum: the objects of the museum are displayed on two floors. The military uniforms of Achaemenians up to the present time are exhibited. The weaponry on display consists of some unsophisticated ones used in the ancient times until the firearms period`s. Part of the history of Iraqi-imposed war against Iran (1980-1988) is also exposed to visitors.

Post Museum: This museum is established in 1990 in the second floor of the General Post Office of Tehran in Emam Khomeini Ave., before Emam Khomeini square which exhibits kinds of old things in regard with distribution, post boxes, stamp, traditional writing equipments, seal, old postal documents and deposit boxes.

Museum of National Arts: It is a museum generally allocated to the works of painting, miniature, gilding, inlaid works, woodworks and cloth weaving and is established in 1930 in south side of the yard of Negarestan palace in north of Baharestan square. The building of this museum is located in the area of the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance.

Tehran Museum of Contemporary Arts: It is counted as one of the most active museums of Tehran which has been opened at the end of 1977 in north side of Laleh Park. In its three floor building constructed in mixed architecture styles both traditional and modern, are many galleries and other parts such as library, studio of photography, lecturing and cinematic halls. During the year several exhibitions are held in the Museum which are generally allocated to visual arts and graphics.

Museum of Nature and Wild Life of Iran: This museum which is the richest natural history of Iran is located in one of the northern parts of Tehran in Dar Abad and has been opened since 1993, In its two floor building, there are 8 halls in which live animals, taxidermies, animal pictures and landscapes of different periods of geology are seen. In its prosperous area animals such as: lion, panther, rabbit and peacock are preserved.

Museum of glass and earthenware of Iran: Eight sided, two floor beautiful building of this museum is located at the beginning of Si-ye- Tir Ave. and its antiquity reaches to 80 years. This place which once was the private house of Qavam-ol-Saltaneh was changed to museum in 1976 and right now has 5 halls to exhibit the glass and earthen art works.

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