Chihil Sutun Palace
In an area of 67000sqm called Chihil Sutun Garden, a building by the same name was erected during the reign of Shah Abbas I. However, the complex was later developed into a palace during the reign of Shah Abbas ll for official reception of Safavid rulers. The Construction of the palace dates back to 1667 A.D. There is a combination of Iranian, Chinese and Western architecture. As the pillars are reflected in the frontal pool, the palace is identified by its present name. However, it is mostly believed that the word “Chihil” (forty) in “Chihil Sutun” is an indication of polarity, showing the multitude of the pillars supporting the structure. The palace was the government house in the Qajar era whose adjoining rooms were used for administrative affairs. The palace is estimated to be 75*48f in size and 25m in height. The frontal fountain lies in an area of 110*16m possessing a stone spring surrounded by the statues of four stone lions on its four corners.
Three of its painted rooms are decorated with portraits of Shah Abbas I. Other miniatures are clear examples of Reza Abbasi’s art works and rank among the most significant parts of the monument.
Some fundamental developments were made in the structure of the palace during the reign of Shah Abbas ll when the Talar-i-Ayeneh (Mirror Hall), Talar-i-Hijdah Sutun (eighteen-pillar Hall), two large northern and southern rooms of the Talar-i-Ayeneh, adjoining iwans to the royal entrance room and the large frontal fountain of the Talar (a columnar porch form usually located at ground level) along with its ornamentations were added.
Three of its painted rooms are embellished with portraits of Shah Abbas I. Other miniatures are clear examples of Reza Abbasi’s art works and rank among the most significant parts of the monument.
The walls are decorated with large mirrors, colorful glasses and marvelous paintings. The door and windows are fretted and inlaid.